September/October 2013

In 2016, after twenty-five years in existence and the expenditure of more than $2 billion, the UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) will close with a few trials and many errors to its credit in its long pursuit of justice for the victims of the atrocities committed during Yugoslavia’s disintegration in the 1990s. In “Trials and Tribulations,” Gordon Bardos notes that by the time the court shuts its doors, it will have existed “six times longer than the Nuremberg trials and more than eight times longer than the Tokyo tribunal.” His disturbing account shows the tribunal as discriminatory, arbitrary, partial, hypocritical, and embarrassingly ineffective, if not counterproductive. ... Read More

Pope Francis’s Return to Basics

Pope Francis’s early moves indicate that the first non-European heir to St. Peter’s throne intends to reorient the Church’s style, substance, and priorities. Catholicism’s image may well benefit.

Politics in Tehran

Iran’s presidential elections sometimes look democratic but they’re best understood as a mafia-style competition between the regime’s most powerful blocs, the mullahs and the Revolutionary Guards.

Justice Squandered in Cambodia

The UN’s incompetent attempt to bring former Khmer Rouge officials to justice has, after ten years and $209 million spent, convicted just one member of Pol Pot’s killing machine.

Mexico Is Likely to Disappoint, Again

Unlike much of Latin America, which has experienced impressive growth in recent years, Mexico has floundered, due mostly to one-party dominance by the PRI, even while it was briefly out of power.

Armenia’s Not So Frozen War

Some “little wars” deserve greater attention. The so-called frozen conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which is pushing Armenia closer to Iran, is one of them.

Central Europe’s Velvet Power

Having shaken off the Soviet yoke, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia have made significant political and economic progress. Now can they make their mark in the EU?

Cyber Kleptomaniacs

President Obama has declared that proliferation and state supported cyber espionage are the leading points of contention with Beijing. But does Beijing need to steal secrets to compete?

‘Democracy’ Spin in Georgia

Was Georgia’s post-election transfer of power last year a democratic transition or a regime collapse? US policymakers who deny the obvious to cover past errors risk damaging bilateral ties.

Getting Congo Right

After two decades of incoherent policies, millions have died in the war-torn Democratic Republic of Congo. Can a new Western-organized counterinsurgency force really bring resolution?

The Coming Water Wars

Forget global warming and peak oil—the looming wars of this century will be fought over water, that indispensable resource that democracies typically share but strongmen use as a weapon.