JOSHUA MURAVCHIK has been recognized by the Wall Street Journal as “maybe the most cogent and careful of the neoconservative writers on foreign policy.” He is a fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute of the Johns Hopkins University School for Advanced International Studies and formerly a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. He has published more than three hundred articles on politics and international affairs, appearing in, among others, the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, International Herald Tribune, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, the New York Times Magazine, Commentary, the New Republic, and the Weekly Standard. His most recent book is The Next Founders: Voices of Democracy in the Middle East. He is the author of eight previous books, including Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism (selected by Choice as one of the Outstanding Academic Titles of 2002) and Exporting Democracy: Fulfilling America’s Destiny. Muravchik, who received his Ph.D. in International Relations from Georgetown University, is also an adjunct scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and an adjunct professor at the Institute for World Politics. He serves on the editorial boards of World Affairs, Journal of Democracy, and the Journal of International Security Affairs. He formerly served as a member of the State Department’s Advisory Committee on Democracy Promotion, the Commission on Broadcasting to the People’s Republic of China, and the Maryland Advisory Committee to the US Commission on Civil Rights.